BY JED SMART
How Does Your Garden Grow? Step 1
Hello, Everyone! We are experiencing a very typical January. Lots of drear and wet as all get out! However, it’s time to start planning your spring garden. One of the most important and initial steps you need to perform is a soil sample. Every square foot of soil can be different. Soil acidity and nutrients vary across the surface of the soil and with the depth of the soil. Our Extension Specialists join us this week to walk us through this important process.
It is important that you take a composite sample of the area to be tested. A composite sample is a collection of 15 to 20 uniform cores or slices of soil taken from random spots in a garden, lawn, or shrub bed. For an accurate test, place the samples from a given area into a clean bucket. Then mix this soil well and place about 1 pint of the mixture into a soil sample box. Soil sample boxes, information sheets, and other supplies for soil testing are available from your county Extension office or garden center.
The following recommendations should help you collect the proper soil samples:
• Gardens, new lawns, and other cultivated areas. Take a uniform core or slice of the soil to the depth that the soil was tilled. Use a zig-zag pattern of sampling as shown in Figure 3. Mix 15 to 20 of these cores or slices for the composite sample.
• Lawns and established turf. Take a uniform core or slice 2 to 3 inches deep from 15 to 20 spots in the lawn. Take separate samples for the front lawn, back lawn, and other areas where soil may differ or where a different type of grass is grown.
• Trees and shrubs. Take uniform cores or slices 6 inches deep from around the drip-line of plants (outer edge of branches). Mix individual cores into a composite sample.
Remember to fill in the information on the soil sample box and the information sheet as completely as possible. You must also indicate which plants are to be grown so that fertilizer recommendations can be made.
Follow these guidelines:
• Vegetable garden. A general recommendation will be made that will be adequate for most garden vegetables. If you have an “organic” vegetable garden and would like a recommendation that does not include chemical fertilizers, please specify “organic vegetable garden.”
• Home orchard. A general recommendation will be made for common fruit crops grown in Alabama (peaches, plums, pecans, pears, apples, figs, grapes, strawberries, blackberries, and blueberries).
• Lawn. List the specific type of grass to be fertilized (bermuda, zoysia, St. Augustine, centipede, bahia, fescue, bluegrass, carpetgrass, etc.).
• Shrubs and perennial flowers. These include most evergreen and deciduous shrubs and small trees as well as flowering shrubs such as azaleas, camellias, rhododendrons, and gardenias. Perennial flowers such as irises and daylilies will also fit into this group. Some shrubs such as azaleas, camellias,and gardenias need an acid soil to prevent iron deficiencies while others need a higher soil pH for best growth. A list of some of the shrubs to be grown will help the laboratory make the best liming recommendations.
• Roses, mums, and annual flowers. This group of ornamentals receive slightly higher fertilizer recommendations.
• Potted plants. Soil testing is not recommended for potted ornamentals for the homeowner. A diagnostic service is available for large-scale commercial growers of potted plants.
When mailing your samples, enclose the filled soil boxes, the information sheet, and a check or money order to cover service charges in a cardboard shipping box. Tie the box securely and prepay by parcel post to the following:
961 S. Donahue Drive
Auburn University, AL 36849-5411
Note: Soil and plant samples for nematode analysis and disease and insect diagnosis must be mailed separately. County Extension offices have information about submitting these samples.
For more information about any of these topics, visit Alabama Extension online at www.aces.edu or call the Pickens County Extension Office.
I hope it’s easy to see the various ways that Extension can help you! Feel free to contact Your Pickens County Extension Office and put our knowledge, research, and resources to work! The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M and Auburn Universities) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Everyone is welcome!
The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Everyone is welcome!
Jed Smart is a guest columnist for the Pickens County Herald and the Coordinator for Pickens County of the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. He can be reached at (205) 367-8148 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
See complete story in the Pickens County Herald.